Criminal and Regulatory Offences

As with all criminal and regulatory cases the first action any department or agency will take after an allegation has been made, or a suspected offence has been committed, is to investigate the matter. This will usually result in speaking to those suspected of being involved in the alleged offence at interview conducted under Caution, in compliance with the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE).

An interview conducted in this way enables the contents of the interview to form part of any court proceedings. It is obviously important that should you or one of your employees find themselves in a position where they are to be interviewed under Caution that you obtain the correct advice as to how to proceed in the interview.

Interviews conducted in accordance with PACE provide the interviewee with the right to obtain legal advice. You or your employees should always take up this right, even when you do not think you have done anything wrong, as it will enable you to be fully advised as to what the allegations against you are and your options before the interview begins. Without a legal representative you will not be made aware of the details of the allegations before the interview begins. Sometimes things can be said during interview which unintentionally strengthen the case against them.

Interviews of this nature may be conducted by the Police but with more specialised investigations, for example those conducted by the Information Commissioner’s Office, civilian investigators from that organisation will usually have conduct over the entire investigation, including the interview under Caution.


This is important to note for two reasons;

  1. The interviewers will usually be specialised in their specific field of investigation and will therefore know a great deal about the area they are investigating and the legislation that accompanies it. It is therefore important to obtain legal advice yourself so that you are placed on a more level playing field.
  1. Whilst you are entitled to legal advice this is not available free of charge under the Duty Solicitor scheme, as it would be at a Police Station, unless the interview is conducted by, or in the presence of, a Police Officer. We will always keep you fully informed about our prospective costs and provide you with you a realistic quote based on the type of investigation you have been requested to attend.

Should any of the investigations lead to you or your employees being summoned to court for the alleged offences we are also able to offer representation at Court and will be able to fully advise you as to your best course of action in respect of plea, success at trial and any likely sentence.

Criminal & Regulatory investigations and proceedings can be conducted by, but not limited to, the following organisations:

  • Natural Resources Wales who deal with offences including waste disposal, tree felling and farming.
  • Trading Standards who investigate and prosecute matters including sales and purchases of counterfeit goods.
  • Local Authorities who deal with matters including fly tipping, littering, Tree Preservation Orders and non school attendance.
  • Driver Vehicle Standards Agency (formerly VOSA)
  • NHS who investigate and prosecute matters including billing practices and compliance within their internal regulations.
  • HMRC who deal with matters relating to fraud, tax, VAT, bribery and money laundering.
  • Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) who deal with breaches of the Data Protection Act such as subject access requests.

Should you or your employee’s be in doubt as to whether any of the above organisations wish to speak with you or them under Caution or you are concerned about potential court proceedings please contact our office so that we can make the relevant enquiries and offer our advice and assistance.

Emily Carlisle

Criminal Law
Find out more

Ian Barnes

Inquests & Criminal Law
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Melissa Griffiths Director

Melissa Griffiths

Criminal Law
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Patrick Geddes

Criminal Law
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To read feedback on our criminal department, please click here.

Get in touch with Allington Hughes

How can we help?

Contact Allington Hughes today to ensure that your matter is dealt with in an efficient and professional manner by fully qualified and experienced legal representatives.

Please feel free to call or email any of our offices for queries or questions you may have surrounding a case, we will endeavour to offer you straight forward jargon free advice before you decide on the course of action you would like to take.

Please note that e-mails are a non-secure method of communicating and we cannot guarantee that your e-mail will be received by us. We do have a filtering system in place, and would always recommend that if your e-mail is urgent, that you follow it up by telephone.

Wrexham 01978 291000 | Chester 01244 312166 | Llanrwst 01492 641222